Dealing with Compacted Soil without Digging
In this episode, we’re going to tackle a common challenge—how to deal with compacted soil without digging. If you’ve ever tried to plant in an area with compacted soil then you know how hard this can be. It really can be back-breaking. But there are simple ways to deal with compacted soil by working with nature—instead of doing it all on your own.
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Nature really can help you loosen up compacted soil—but you’ve got to slow down and work on nature’s schedule.
Grabbing the shovel or tiller may be faster but it’s also a lot more work. And you won’t get all the benefits that working with nature can bring.
So how do you work with nature to deal with compacted soil without digging?
Here are 2 core steps:
- Cover the soil with mulch and promote soil life.
- Plant perennial plants.
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But you can’t rush this.
It takes time for earthworms and other soil life to loosen up the soil enough for you to plant. And then it will take additional time for your perennial plants to get their roots established and start breaking up the soil.
But if you work with nature on nature’s schedule the results are amazing.
I know this may sound too good to be true but I’ve used this simple process to turn an old gravel parking lot into a lush food forest.
Let’s look at how this all works and what you need to do to be successful with these 2 steps.
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People like you, who want to bring these skills home, to enjoy wildlife, grow more food, and help heal our living world.
Okay, let’s get started.
Further Reading: Growing with Nature episodes and blog posts with more information about the topics covered in this episode.
- How to Deal with Compacted Soil (without digging)
- What is Mulching? The Complete Introduction to Mulching
- 5 Types of Mulch – Here’s What You Need to Know
- How to Get Started with Sheet Mulching
- How to Add Nitrogen to Your Garden Soil (9 Ways)
- 3 Ways Perennial Plants Help Build Soil
- How to Use Live Stakes to Get Free Plants
- What is a Food Forest? (And How to Get Started)
Books and Other Resources
- Teaming with Microbes: The Organic Gardener's Guide to the Soil Food Web, Revised Edition
- Dr. Elaine’s – Soil Food Web – How it Works
- Kiss the Ground – Documentary – Resources Library
Plant List: More information about some of the plants covered in this episode.
Transforming a Gravel Parking Lot into a Food Forest—without Digging
When we bought our property in 2016 there was this one area that had been used as a gravel parking lot.
I remember trying to put in some live stakes in that area. I just wanted to get a few plants going to start improving the soil.
But I couldn’t hammer them in—the ground was just too hard.
This happens sometimes with live stakes so I wasn’t too worried. So I grabbed a metal pole—I still couldn’t hammer it in.
Next, I grabbed a t-post and a t-post pounder.
Finally, I was able to make some holes in the ground and the live stakes planted. But seriously how was I going to dig in this area?
I wanted to turn it into a food forest.
Picture a tree-covered area filled with fruit trees, berries, and other food plants along with a bunch of native plants.
A forest filled with food.
But all I had was a compacted gravel parking lot.
And to make it even worse—most of the live stakes failed except for a few that were on the edge of the old parking area that had softer soil.
I wanted to make this area thrive but I didn’t want to have to use equipment to dig it out or bring in tons of soil.
We live along a busy road and this area was the furthest away from it. I wanted this spot to be a little getaway from the noise of the road for my family and I.
So it was time to figure it out.
I knew that healthy soil is kept from being compacted by the actions of soil life—earthworms and other critters that burrow through it—and from the roots of plants growing through it.
So the first thing I did was get a bunch of cardboard and a ton of fall leaves. Plus some branches.
Then I got busy sheet-mulching the whole area.
First, the cardboard went down.
And then I added the fall leaves with the branches on top of it all to hold the leaves in place.
I added a ton of leaves—a good foot of fresh leaves over the whole area.
And then I waited.
I started in the fall and I didn’t do anything else for an entire year. I just waited and trusted that the soil life was busy doing what it does best—building healthy soil.
A year later and a lot of the leaves had broken down. And all the cardboard was gone.
And the soil was transformed.
I started to do some simple plantings from seed—focused on native lupines. Lupines also fix nitrogen in the soil through a partnership with soil microbes.
But I also planted several fruit trees, hazelnuts, native buffalo berries, and goumi berries. Those berries are also nitrogen fixers.
A year earlier I could barely get a t-post in the ground to make a simple hole. Now I could easily dig holes using just a shovel.
And since then the fruit and nut trees and the berries have grown. So have the lupines and other plants.
But I’ve also lost some of them and I’m still adding more plants.
I’ve also added more mulch to replace the fall leaves once they broke down.
The soil still has a ton of gravel in it—but I can dig in it. And the plants are doing well.
It takes time—you can’t take a heavily degraded landscape and expect it to be transformed overnight. But you can still achieve amazing results.
You’ve got to promote soil life by covering the soil with mulch and then plant perennial plants.
And the key to this working is being patient—if you want to deal with compacted soil without digging then you’ve got to slow down and work with nature.
And don’t forget to check out the show notes so you can see for yourself what’s possible when you work with nature.
Steps to Deal with Compacted Soil
The hardest thing about working with nature is learning to slow down and be patient.
Whether you’re trying to deal with compacted soil without digging or dealing with pests by promoting the predators that eat them.
You’ve got to be patient.
The first step to dealing with compacted soil is to create conditions that will let your soil life thrive. Critters like earthworms will work 24/7 in the right conditions to loosen up your soil for you.
All that sheet-mulching—the cardboard and fall leaves—created a nice cool moist environment that earthworms and other soil life just love. The soil in my food forest never dried out—even in the hottest part of the summer.
And in the winter under all the mulch the soil stayed relatively warm and frost-free.
This lets the soil life stay active throughout the year.
And all that cardboard and fall leaves provided food for the worms and other soil life. Plus, over time they worked it all down into the soil.
But this wouldn’t work if you only covered a few spots—you’ve got to cover as much as possible so the soil can stay moist and cool in the summer and relatively warm in the winter.
Then once the soil has loosened up a bit—1 or 2 years later—you should start planting perennial plants. Native lupines are one of the best options.
They can be direct seeded, they get large taproots and they fix nitrogen.
Lupines are one of the best plants to use to deal with compacted soil.
But as soon as the soil can be dug start adding trees and shrubs. These plants will spread their roots far and wide.
This will loosen up the soil and further support soil life.
And make sure to keep the soil covered with mulch or ideally perennial plants. Start with mulch but then get perennial plants in the ground.
Time to Transform Your Compacted Soil without Digging
So how do you deal with compacted soil without digging?
- Cover the soil with mulch (fall leaves, wood chips, etc.)
- Plant perennial plants
And slow down so you can work on nature’s timeframe.
It is that simple—but the hard part is slowing down and being patient. But if you slow down and work with nature you will not only loosen the soil you will also promote soil life and build healthy soil that will let your plants thrive once you do plant them.
You really will be cultivating abundance for people, plants, and wildlife.
And stay tuned for our next episode where we will look at what you can do to attract birds to your property.
Let’s work together to heal our living world.
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